高考英语阅读扩展 | Please sir, I want a home


 栏目介绍 


近年来高考阅读的难度越来越大,阅读所占的比重也越来越高,不少阅读理解的文章都选自《经济学人》《科学美国人》等外刊。


善恩英语总部设在美国教育之都波士顿,占尽天时地利人和,能在第一时间为大家搜集到外刊的最新资讯,让大家也能借此便利读到最新、最尖端的评论资讯。


通过阅读,我们能熟悉前沿话题,掌握背景知识和外刊惯用词句。只要坚持阅读本栏目,我们的英语篇章理解能力和语感都会有显著提升,哪怕在高考中遇到陌生话题,也能用丰富的知识储备来应对。高中老师们也能利用这个栏目扩展阅读素材,提高学生的英语水平。



本期导读

由于战争、疾病、自然灾害等原因导致非洲孤儿院的孤儿人数继续上升,引起人们的关注和捐款资助,由此一些孤儿院开始非正当动机的盈利,导致多数孤儿院被迫关闭。本期阅读扩展文章选自 The Economist  20170826,共计460词


正文

Please sir, I want a home


ARLENE BROWN is worried about her children. “I have 52,” she says. The former nurse from Pennsylvania founded Urukundo Village, an orphanage, in the Rwandan hillside town of Muhanga in 2006. Half of the children live with her permanently. The rest are at boarding school or university. “I don’t want any of my children taken away,” says Ms Brown.


But they may be. More than half of Rwanda’s orphanages have closed since 2012, when the government decided they were doing more harm than good. There are 14 left, says Hope and Homes for Children (HHC), a British charity that is helping the government. A decade ago there were some 400.


Orphanages have proliferated in Africa in recent decades in response to war, disease and natural disasters. In Uganda the number of children in them jumped from 2,900 in 1992 to 50,000 in 2013. But their number seems to have peaked. In Ghana nearly 100 were closed between 2010 and 2015. The Ethiopian government has shut dozens since 2011. Sudan and South Africa have asked HHC for advice. Several African countries have also banned or suspended adoptions by parents from abroad.


A case can be made against such institutions, particularly the bigger ones. More than a third of children in them suffer abuse, says HHC. Their proliferation has been helped by funding from well-meaning American evangelicals(福音传道的). Yet their existence has become self-perpetuating as they attract “orphanage tourists”, invited in the hope that they will donate money.


That has created perverse incentives.(不正当动机) Orphanages sometimes search for children to fill beds. A survey in Malawi found that 52% were actively recruiting children who would not otherwise have been considered orphans. Most African orphans have at least one parent. In Rwanda a third are in regular contact with relatives, suggesting that many could be cared for by their extended families. Indeed, before the orphanage boom, African children without living parents were usually cared for in this way. But the promise of a better life may encourage poor parents to give children up.


Yet there is also evidence that the arguments against putting children into bigger institutions may not all apply to the small, community-run orphanages common in many parts of Africa. Research by, among others, Kathryn Whetten of Duke University found that in east Africa (as well as Cambodia and India) children in such orphanages do as well as in family settings—sometimes better. Another study found that those in Kenyan orphanages are better off than if cared for by poor relatives.


The aim of closing orphanages may be commendable. But when done poorly, as has happened in some instances in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Kenya, the burden is shifted onto families who cannot cope—and more children end up on the streets.


注解

  1. orphanage: 孤儿院;

    -orphan: 孤儿,adopt an orphan领养一个孤儿


2.do more harm than good: 弊大于利;

e.g.: The drugs he was prescribed did him more harm than good. 

给他开的药对他来说是弊大于利。


3.proliferate: 激增,近义词multiply;

 -proliferation: 扩散,control the proliferation of nuclear weapons 控制核武器的扩散


4.peak: 达到最高值;

e.g.: Unemployment peaked at 17%. 

失业率达到17%的最高点。


5.suspend: 暂停。 

–suspense: 悬念,常用短语keep someone in suspense使某人处于紧张的等待状态;break the suspense 打破悬念。

 -suspension: 暂停


6.self-perpetuating: 自我永存的;


7.in regular contact with: 定期接触。

contact的常用短语:contact with sb.联系某人; contact between A and B; lose contact with 失去与某人的联系; come into contact with与某人接触


8.better off: 情况好转;

e.g.: They have to pay out more of their income in rates than the better off. 

比起较为富裕的人们,他们反而得把更多的收入用在纳税上。


9.commendable: 值得表扬的。

-commend: 表扬,常用短语commend sb. (for sth./ for doing sth.);be highly/widely commended受到高度的/广泛的赞扬。 

-commendation: 称赞


传送门——后台回复 “TheEconomist20170826”(复制红字部分到后台)可获取全文PDF下载链接


有关英语学习问题可添加周老师微信(skypacerzhou)?





和 Nancy老师微信(WELNANQLU)?






往期精选

1

善恩迷你课堂 | 轻阅读——TV Comments 

2

高考英语词汇 | #精讲7# transform 

3

高考英语阅读扩展 | E-sports: Play time


下一篇 : 高考前一天晚上,你在做什么?


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